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2005 O'Brien County Fair Handbook

Expressive Arts

For currency and completeness, visit O'Brien County Extension.


Visual Arts & Photography

PHOTOGAPHY - Department 26

1. Photographs may be either black and white or color. Photographs may be processed from negatives, slides, or digital cameras and computer manipulation programs. Photographs exhibited must have been taken during the current 4-H year.

2. If photos are mounted, they can be a) flush mounted (no mounting board showing) on mounting board, or b) with mount borders (window mat or flat mount directly on board). Exhibitors may cut there mounting boards, use inexpensive ready-cut window mats, or have matting done professionally. In all cases 4-H'ers are responsible for design decisions such as border, with width, color, and size. FRAMED PHOTOS, INCLUDING FLOATING FRAMES WILL NOT BE JUDGED.

3. If photos are not mounted, they may be exhibited in a clear plastic covering, such as photo album sheets.

4. A series is a group of photos or slides that are related or tell a step-by-step story. Photos must be mounted as one unit in story order. Slides should be numbered and/or displayed in sequence.

5. The "4-H Photography Exhibit" label MUST BE COMPLETED AND ATTACHED to each photo exhibit entry. Label is available from the Extension Office or 4-H leaders. Any photo without label will be dropped one ribbon placing.

6. Captions are optional. If used, they should be short.

7. Photos should be brought and displayed in a clear Ziploc bag to prevent damage to the photo during display



Individual or series photos where the exhibited photo is at least 5x7 inches (the standard 5x7 commercial reprint). Larger photos may be cropped if necessary for better composition, but to no smaller than 5x7 inches. Series entries should consist of three to five photos (each 5x7 minimum) mounted as one piece. Mounting is required for all entries in this class. See item 2 above for mounting suggestions.


A photo of any size may be considered in this class. There is no minimum size. Series entries should include three to five photos. If the series is mounted, it should be done as one piece. See item numbers two and three above for exhibiting suggestions.



A photograph that is understood to be a creative, imaginative, or experimental departure from realism. A traditional photograph depicts subjects based on accuracy of nature and reality. A Contemporary/Creative photograph uses various techniques to alter reality to the point that the photograph is essentially unreal, non-objective and abstract in quality. Examples of Contemporary/Creative Photography may include: abstracts, derivations, distortions, black light, bas-relief, diazochrome, posterization, polarization, multiple exposures, montages, kodalith, multiple images with trick lenses and similar processes.

Special exhibit requirements:

1. Photograph must be mounted but not framed.

2. Photo exhibit label must be attached to the back of the exhibit.

3. A detailed report must be attached clearly stating the process used to achieve the desired effect. Each step and materials or equipment used must be included in this report.

Where possible, a copy of the photo before manipulation should be included with the report.


The class is designed for creative photography and experiments that do not fit into the previous classes. Photos or educational displays in this class may make use of creative camera techniques, darkroom techniques, mounting and exhibiting techniques, or computer enhancement, just to name a few possibilities. Above all, creativity and originality are valued. If exhibit is a photo or collage of photos, it must not be framed and have exhibit label.

Jon's Gallery ~ Primghar 712-757-3492

VISUAL ARTS- Department 25

**** Special Note: The Principles of Art and Elements of Design ARE required for the O'Brien County Fair

1. Members will be able to exhibit articles made from kits, ONLY AT THE COUNTY FAIR. Articles made from kits or preformed molds will not be accepted for State Fair consideration. (Kits are defined as any prepackaged item where the materials and the design are predetermined by the manufacturer. Examples of preformed molds would be purchased green ware or white ware.)


2. Articles that use patterns or pictures from magazines as starting points for designs are acceptable, assuming the 4-H'ers modifies the design to make an original statement. (Combining parts of patterns with the member's own ideas can result in an original design; changing the color and/or size does not make the design original.)

3. If the exhibit results in a finished art project, YOU MUST include the picture of the source of the design, the design sketches, or process for creating the design. This might include cut paper designs, sketches, a piece of tree bark, doodles, or magazine pictures (identify the magazine and issue.)

4. Copyright logos, designs, or trademark materials should not be used for visual art exhibits on public display at a fair or other setting

without permission. If written permission has been obtained for an exhibit in the technique class, it should be included in the written support materials of this exhibit. For display purposes, exhibits will then be labeled "Copyright permission granted". These materials are never appropriate for the Original Art class. You do not need to request permission to use the 4-H emblem. This is granted to you as a member of the 4-H program, as long as you are not making money from its use.


Original art should be an exhibit that has a design unique to you. By using one medium or a combination, an individual creates an object that is not recognizable as another's work. Trademarks, logos, and other copyrighted images

CANNOT be original since some other artist has already designed and created it. You must identify and explain the application of the design element(s) and art principle(s) featured in this exhibit.

If you answer, "yes" to the following questions, your exhibit should be in the original art class.

1. Did your idea come from something you thought up, the placement of geometric shapes, or something viewed in nature?

2. Did you see a design, magazine, picture, painting, etc., that gave you an idea and you made major changes to that idea? (Include the source of design and explain the major changes.)

3. Did you create your exhibit by observing things around you like looking at a still life or from a photograph you took of a scene?

4. Are the people in your exhibit (drawing, painting) ones you observed, studied, sketched, or photographed and not people you saw in a magazine or other photograph? (If the person is identifiable from your picture, did you request their permission to use them in your artwork?


Technique Exploration is an exhibit that provides an individual the opportunity to practice a skill or explore a design element or art principle. This exhibit may be an object, portfolio, display, or organized sketchbook. If a non-original design source is


used, its origin (where you found the idea, any pictures, sketches, etc.) must still be credited. Logos, designs, and trademarks that are copyrighted may only be used if permission for this specific use has been granted from an authorized authority. The written permission must be included in the support materials provided with the exhibit or the piece is not legal for public display and will be disqualified. For display purposes, those exhibits with written permission will be labeled "Copyright permission granted". You must identify and explain the application of the design element(s) and art principle(s) that were featured in this exhibit.

If you can answer, "yes" to the following questions, your exhibit should be in the technique class.

1. Is you exhibit a portfolio of several examples of practicing techniques of a medium where you used design ideas from photos, magazines, pictures? You must credit these sources.

2. Did you practice and improve your proportional drawing and shading techniques by drawing a picture? (Example: Drawing of a John Deere tractor after you wrote to John Deere corporate headquarters and received permission to include the Deere logo on the tractor.)

3. Did you use a series of rubber stamps of stencils to create a design, develop technique, study color or texture?


Exhibits might include study on an individual artist, style, craft business or marketing process, planning group tour, career options, etc.


Articles made from kits (any prepackaged item where the materials and the design are predetermined by the manufacturer) or pre-formed molds. 4-H'ers are reminded that kits are not in keeping with the elements of creativity and originality of visual arts.

Security State Bank ~ 712-324-5141

934 3rdAve Member FDIC Sheldon, IA


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